Time, Costs, Lessons from the Persero arbitration

Justice delayed is justice denied. The Persero Cases are three cases fought out in Singapore between 2011 and 2015 that relate to the enforcement of arbitral awards from construction contracts. They are a series of fascinating battles between two Indonesian parties (PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (Persero) TBK, an Indonesian company, and CRW Joint Operation,…

PPSA Registration

PPSA REGISTRATIONS In this post we discuss how and why you may want to do a PPSA Registration. We are assuming that you, the reader, are a holder of a “security interest” in property. Security Interest? Very simply, a security interest is one legal expression describing your economic right to…

DRAG ALONG CLAUSE

In this post we will discuss what a drag along clause is, how it is triggered and its use in a shareholder agreement. A drag along clause is used when there are majority and minority shareholders. It usually favours the majority shareholder. A drag along clause is essentially a right…

SAFE INCOME – EXPLAINED

In this post we will discuss what safe income is and how it is utilized. Essentially safe income refers to the income that has been earned, taxed and retained within the company. Safe income increases the value of the company’s shares. Since safe income contributes to the inherent gain on…

Establishing your presence in India

Are you a foreign entity, i.e. a company incorporated outside India including a firm or a group of individuals, looking to explore the business environment in India? If yes, then consider having a representative office in India. It will help you get an insider’s perspective of the local market and…

ANGELS AND VENTURE CAPITALISTS

In this post, we will talk about angel investors and venture capitalists and what they look for. Both are sources of investment for your company. But there are some key differences in their approach, which as an entrepreneur you should know about before you chalk out your financial strategy. Angel…

Understanding Dilution

In this post, we will attempt to understand what dilution is, how it works and what anti-dilution measures can be taken. As an entrepreneur, understanding the concept of dilution is very important in helping you raise capital for your business. What is dilution? Dilution is a reduction in the percentage ownership…
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